Chittorgarh city is the district headquarters of Chittorgarh district and is located at the banks of River Berach and River Gambhiri. The city was once the capital of Sisodia dynasty. It houses the famous Chittorgarh fort which is the biggest fort of the country. Guhilots ruled the fort initially followed by the Sisodia Clan who ruled from the 7th century till the 16th century AD.
Ancient About Chittorgarh:
According to the mythological tales, Bheem, one of the Pandavas, had visited the place in order to learn the secrets of immortality. It is also believed that Bheem was a prime disciple of a sage who used to teach him. Once, he kicked the ground and water came out of the earth at that place. The place became a water reservoir and is presently known asBheemlat.
It is believed that Chittorgarh was gifted to Bappa Rawal as a part of his dowry when he married the Solanki princess in the 8th century. Bappa Rawal was the founder of Sisodia dynasty. Bappa and his descendants ruled the place till the 16th century.
Siege of Chittorgarh(year 1303):
In 1303, Allaudin Khilji attacked Chittorgarh which was under the rule of Mewars at that time. Khilji attacked the place to capture Rani Padmini who he was very attracted to. Rani Padmini was the queen of Rana Ratan Singh. Allaudin captured Ratan Singh and sent a message to Padmini that the king would be released if she agrees to go along with him. Rani Padmini sent 700 troops to rescue Rana Ratan Singh and the troops were successful in rescuing the king. Khilji followed the troops and the rescued king. A fierce battle took place at the Chittorgarh fort and Rana was killed during the battle. Rani Padmini performed ‘Jauhar’ and sacrificed her life.
Allaudin Khilji overpowered the fort and gave it to his son Khizr Khan. The fort was renamed to Khizrabad. Khan ruled the fort till 1311 AD and had to leave it under immense pressure created by the Rajputs. In 1311 AD, the fort was restored by the Rajputs.
Siege of Chittorgarh(year 1534):
In 1534 AD, Sultan Bahadur Shah of Delhi attacked the Chittorgarh fort. The Rajputs fought a fierce battle against the Mughals and eventually won it.
Siege of Chittorgarh(year 1567):
In 1567 AD, Emperor Akbar attacked the fort of Chittorgarh along with more than 5000 of his troops. The Mughals killed more than 8000 Rajputs and conquered the place. From this place, Akbar raised his rank among other kings.
After the defeat of the Lodi dynasty, Rajputs started gaining power again. Rajputs were against the rule of Mughals in Chittorgarh and being aware of the same, Akbar fought many battles against the Rajputs. Akbar also realised that Rajputs should no longer be ruling the Chittorgarh fort and hence, asked his men to build a high mud hill in front of the fort where the cannons can be fixed and attack can be done on a larger scale.
But the cannons failed against the impregnability of the fort and Akbar had to blow a hole under the Chittorgarh fort. Mines were spread for the bombardment.
Meanwhile, the Rajput archers from inside the fort continued to attack on the Mughals. It is believed that at that time, casualties per day for Mughals had raised to more than 200.
Akbar, along with his troops, entered the fort from the hole blown under the fort. The Commander of the Rajputs was killed by Akbar and the Rajputs got demoralised by this. Mughals had almost won the battle. The Rajput females performed Jauhar and sacrificed their lives. In 1568 AD, Mughals were finally able to capture the Chittorgarh Fort.